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Adams, J. H., Jr., The Variability of Single Event Upset Rates in the NaturalEnvironment, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., 30, 4475-4480, 1983.

Adams, J. H., Jr., J. R. Letaw, and D. F. Smart, Cosmic Ray Effects onMicroElectronics, Part II: The geomagnetic cutoff effects, NRL MemorandumReport 5099, 1983.

Adams, J. H., Jr., Cosmic Ray Effects on MicroElectronics, Part IV, NRLMemorandum Report 5901, 1986.

Adams, J. H., Jr., J. Bellingham, and P. E. Graney, A Comprehensive Tableof Ion Stopping Powers and Ranges, NRL Memorandum Report, 1987.

Bame, S. J., J. R. Asbridge, H. E. Felthauser, E. W. Hones Jr., and I. B.Strong, Characteristics of the plasma sheet in the Earth's magnetotail, J.Geophys. Res., 72, pp. 113-119, 1967.

Banks, B. A., M. J. Mintion, S. K. Rutledge, and H. K. Nahra, Protectionof solar array blankets from attack by low earth orbital atomic oxygen.18th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. October, 1985.

Banks, B. A., S. K. Rutledge, Low Earth Orbital Atomic Oxygen Simulation forMaterials Durability Evaluation, Proc. Fourth European Symposium onSpacecraft Materials in Space Environment, CERT, Toulouse, 6-9 September,1988.

Banks, B. A., S. K. Rutledge, J. E. Merrow, J. A. Brady, Atomic OxygenEffects on Materials, Proc. NASA/SDIO Joint Workshop on Space EnvironmentalEffects, Hampton, VA, 28-30 June, 1988.

Barlier, F., C. Berger, J. L. Falin, G. Kockarts, and G. Thuillier,J. Atmosph. Terr. Phys., 41, 527-541, 1979.

Barraclough, D. R.,International Geomagnetic Reference Field: The Fourth Generation, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter. 48, 279, 1987.

Bartels, J., The eccentric dipole approximating the Earth's magnetic field,J. Geophys. Res., 41, pp. 225-250, 1936.

Bartels, J., N. H. Heck, and H. F. Johnston, The three-hour-range indexmeasuring geomagnetic activity, J. Geophys. Res., 44, 411, 1939.

Barton, C. E., Revision of International Geomagnetic Reference FieldReleased, EOS Transactions 77, #16, April 16, 1996.

Barton, C. E., International Geomagnetic Reference Field: The SeventhGeneration, J. Geomag. Geoelectr. 49, 123-148, 1997.

Bendel, W. L., and E. L. Petersen, Proton Upsets in Orbit, IEEE Trans.Nucl. Sci., NS-30, 4481-4485, 1983.

Bernard, J., J.-C. Kosik, G. Laval, R. Pellat, J.-P. Philippon,Représentation Optimale du Potentiel Géomagnétique dansle Repère d'un Dipole Décentré, Incliné, Ann.Géophys., 25, pp. 659-665, 1969.

Bilitza, D., 1990, International Reference Ionosphere 1990,NSSDC/WDC-A-R\&S 90-22

Bochev, A., A dipole approximating to the highest possible degree theEarth's magnetic field, Pure Appl. Geophys., 74, pp. 25-28, 1969.

Bohdansky, J., J. Roth, and H. L. Bay, An Analytical Formula and ImportantParameters for Low-Energy Ion Sputtering, J. App. Phys., 51, 2861, 1980.

Bond, R., T. Field, P. Hurford, and A. Martin, ESPIRE Version 1.0 SoftwareUsers Manual, 1991.

Bond, R. A., The interaction of the Space Plasma with High Voltage Solar Arraysand Large Structures, AEA Industrial Technology Report AEA-In Tec-0965,1992.

Cain, J. C., S. J. Hendricks, R. A. Langel, and W. V. Hudson, A ProposedModel for the International Geomagnetic Reference Field, 1965, J. Geomag. Geoelectr. 19, 335, 1967.

Chabrillat, S., Optimisation and use of Hedin's atmospheric empirical modelMSIS, Aeronomica Acta, 55, 1995.

Chapman, S. and J. Bartels, Geomagnetism, vol. 2, Oxford UniversityPress, New York, pp. 639-668, 1940.

Coutler, D. R., R. H. Liang, S. H. Chung, K. O. Smith, and A. Gupta,O-atom degradation mechanisms of materials. p. 42. Taken from Proceedingsof NASA Workshop on Atomic Oxygen Effects. June 1, 1987.

Covington, A. E., Solar Radio Emission at 10.7cm, J. Royal Astron. Soc.Canada, Vol. 63, 125, 1969.

Covington, A. E., Algonquin Radio Observatory Report No. 5, A WorkingCollection of Daily 2800 MHz Solar Flux Values 1946-1976, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, N. R. C. of Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 1977.

Durcanin, J. T., and D. R. Chalmers, The definition of low earth orbitalenvironment and its effect on thermal control materials. AIAA-87-1599.June, 1987.

Fairfield, D. H., and G. D. Mead, Magnetospheric Mapping with a Quantitative Geomagnetic Field Model, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 535, 1975.

Fairfield, D. H., N. A. Tsyganenko, A. V. Usmanov, and M. V. Malkov, A largemagnetosphere magnetic field database, J. Geophys. Res., v.99, pp.11319-11326, 1994.

Ferguson, D. C., The Energy Dependence of Surface Morphology of KaptonDegradation Under Atomic Oxygen Bombardment, Proc. 13th SpaceSimulation Conference, Orlando, FL, 8-11 October, 1984.

Feynman, J., T. P. Armstrong, L. Dao-Gibner, and S. Silverman, NewInterplanetary Proton Fluence Model, J. Spacecraft and Rockets, acceptedSeptember 1988.

Feynman, J., T. P. Armstrong, L. Dao-Gibner, and S. Silverman, Solar ProtonEvents During Solar Cycles 19, 20, and 21, Solar Phys., acceptedNovember 1989.

Fraser-Smith, A. C., Centered and Eccentric Geomagnetic Dipoles and TheirPoles, 1600-1985, Rev. Geophys., 25, pp. 1-16, 1987.

Goldstein, H., Classical Mechanics, Addison-Wesley Publ. Co., Inc.,Reading Massachusetts, 1950.

Gregory, J. C., Interaction of Hyperthermal Atoms on Surfaces in Orbit:University of Alabama Experiment, Proc. NASA Workshop on Atomic OxygenEffects (ed. D. Brinza), Pasadena, CA, 10-11 November, 1986. (JPL Pub. No.87-14)

Hapgood, M. A., Space physics coordinate transformations: A user guide,Planet. Space Sci., 40 (5), pp. 711-717, 1992. Correction: Ibid, 45 (8),pp. 1047, 1997.

Hapgood, M. A., Space physics coordinate transformations: the role ofprecession, Ann. Geophysicae, 13, pp. 713-716, 1995.

Hedin, A. E., N. W. Spencer, and T. L. Killeen, Empirical Global Model ofUpper Thermosphere Winds Based on Atmosphere and Dynamics Explorer SatelliteData, J. Geophys. Res. 93, 9959-9978, 1988.

Hedin, A. E., Extension of the MSIS Thermospheric Model into the Middle andLower Atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res. 96, 1159, 1991.

Hedin, A. E., et al., Revised Global Model of Thermosphere Winds UsingSatellite and Ground-Based Observations, J. Geophys. Res. 96,7657-7688, 1991.

Hess, W. N., The Radiation Belt and Magnetosphere, BlaisdellPublishing Company, 1968.

Heynderickx, D. and J. Lemaire, Improvements to Trapped Radiation Software,Trapped Radiation Environment Model Development, Technical Note 1, ESTECContract No. 9828/92/NL/FM, 1993.

Hickey, M. P., The NASA Engineering Thermosphere Model, NASA CR-179359,Washington, D. C., 1988.

Hickey, M. P., An Improvement in the Integration Procedure Used in theMarshall Engineering Thermosphere Model, NASA CR-179389, Washington, D. C.,1988.

Hilton, H. H., L Parameter, A New Approximation, J. Geophys. Res.,76, pp. 6952-6954, 1971.

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-33, 1292, 1986.

International Geomagnetic Reference Field Revision 1987, J. Geomag. Geoelectr. 39, 773-779, 1987 and EOS Trans. 69, 559, 1988.

Jensen, D. C., and J. C. Cain, An Interim Geomagnetic Field, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 3568, 1962.

Johnson, D. L., and R. E. Smith, The MSFC/J70 Orbital Atmosphere Model andthe Data Bases for the MSFC Solar Activity Prediction Technique, NASA TM-86522,Washington, D. C., 1985.

Katz, I., et al., A three-dimensional study of electrostatic charging inmaterials, NASA CR-135256, 1977.

Katz, I., M. Mandell, G. Jongeward, M. S. Gussenhoven, The importance ofaccurate secondary electron yields in modeling spacecraft charging, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 13, 739-13, 744, 1986.

King, J. H., Solar Proton Fluences for 1977-1983 Space Missions, J.Spacecraft Rockets 11, 401, 1974.

King, J. H., and E. G. Stassinopoulos, Energetic Solar Protons vs.Terrestrially Trapped Proton Fluxes for the Active Years 1977-1983, J.Spacecraft Rockets 12, 122, 1975.

Kluge, G., Direct computation of the magnetic shell parameter, ComputerPhys. Communications 3, 31-35, 1972.

Labitzke, K., J. J. Barnett, and B. Edwards (eds.), Handbook MAP 16, SCOSTEP,University of Illinois, Urbana, 1985.

Langel, R. A., Main Field, Chapter Four in Geomagnetism, ed. J. A.Jacobs, Academic Press, London, 1987.

Langel, R. A., D. R. Barraclough, D. J. Kerridge, V. P. Golovkov, T. J.Sabaka, and R. H. Estes, Definitive IGRF models for 1945, 1950, 1955, and 1960,J. Geomag. Geoelectr. 40, 645-702, 1988.

Langel, R. A., International Geomagnetic Reference Field, 1991 Revision,J. Geomag. Geoelectr. 43, 1007-1012, 1991.

Leger, L. J., J. T. Visentine, and J. F. Kuminecz, Low earth orbit.

Leger, L. J., Oxygen atomic interaction with shuttle materials at orbitalaltitudes - Data and experiment status. AIAA-83-0073. January, 1983.

Leger, L. J., I. K. Spiker, J. F. Kuminecz, T. J. Ballentine, and J. T.Visentine, STS Flight 5 LEO Effects Experiment - Background, description andthin film results. AIAA-83-2631-CP. October, 1983.

Leger, L. G., B. Santos-Mason, J. T. Visentine, and J. F. Kuminecz, Reviewof LEO flight experiments. Proceedings on the NASA Workshop on Atomic OxygenEffects. p.6. November, 1986.

Lemaire, J., A. D. Johnstone, D. Heynderickx, D. J. Rodgers, S. Szita and V.Pierrard, Trapped Radiation Environment Model Development, Aeronomica Acta,393, pp. 48-51, 1995.

Lemaître, G., and M. S. Vallarta, Phys. Rev., 43, 87, 1933.

Magnetic and Electric Fields Branch, Coordinate Transformations Used inOGO Satellite Data Analysis, Goddard Space Flight Center Report,X-645-70-29, 1970.

Martin, A. R., et al., Large Polar Orbiting Spacecraft Plasma Wake Studies,Final Report on MOD(PE) Contract SLS32A/1937, 1990.

Martin, A. R., Spacecraft/Plasma Interactions and ElectromagneticEffects in LEO and Polar Orbits, Final Report for ESA/ESTEC Contract No.7989/88/NL/PB(SC), Vol. 3, 1991.

Matsunami, N., et al., Energy Dependence of the Yields of Ion-InducedSputtering of Monatomic Solids, Nagoya Institute of Plasma Physics ReportIPPJ-AM-32, 1983.

Matsuno, N., et al., Energy Dependence of Ion-Induced Sputtering Yields ofMonatomic Solids in the Low Energy Region, Nagoya Institute of PlasmaPhysics Report IPPJ-AM-52, 1987.

Mayaud, P. N., Derivation, Meaning, and Use of Geomagnetic Indices,Geophys. Monogr. Ser., Vol. 22, AGU, Washington, D. C., 1980.

McIlwain, C. E., Coordinates for Mapping the Distribution of MagneticallyTrapped Particles, J. Geophys. Res., 66, pp. 3681-3691, 1961.

McIlwain, C. E., Magnetic Coordinates, Space Science Reviews, 5, pp.585-598, 1966.

McNish, A. G., and J. V. Lincoln, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 30,673-685, 1949.

Mead, G. D., J. Geophys. Res., 72 (11), 2737, 1970.

Menvielle, M., and A. Berthelier, The K-derived planetary indices:description and availability, Rev. Geophys., 29, 415-432, 1991.Correction: Ibid., 30, 91, 1992.

Miller, K. L., A. E. Hedin, P. J. Wilkinson, D. G. Torr, and P. G. Richards,Neutral Winds Derived from IRI Parameters and from the HWM87 Wind Model forthe SUNDIAL Campaign of September, 1986, Adv. Space Res. 10, #8, 99,1990.

NBS Technical Note 1116, 1980.

NIST Publication NISTIR 5477, 1994.

Olson, W. P., Coordinate Transformations Used in MagnetophericPhysics, McDonnell-Douglas Astronautics Company Paper WD1145, 1970.

Olson, W. P., A model of the distributed magnetospheric currents, J. Geophys. Res., 79, pp. 3731-3738, 1974.

Olson, W. P., and K. A. Pfitzer, Magnetospheric magnetic field modeling,Annual Scientific Report, AFOSR Contract No. F44620-75-C-0033, 1977.

Ostapenko, A. A., and Y. P. Maltsev, Relation of the magnetic field in themagnetosphere to the geomagnetic and solar wind activity, J. Geophys. Res.,102, pp. 17467-17473, 1997.

Peddie, N. W., International Geomagnetic Reference Field : The ThirdGeneration, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 34, pp. 309-326, 1985.

Pfitzer, K. A., W. P. Olson, and T. Mogstad, A time dependent source drivenmagnetospheric magnetic field model, EOS, 69, pp. 426, 1988.

Pickel, J. C., and J. T. Blandford, Jr., Cosmic-Ray-Induced Errors in MOSDevices, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., NS-27, 1006-1015, 1980.

Pierrard, V., and J. Lemaire, Lorentzian ion exosphere model, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 7923, 1996.

Purvis, C. K., D. C. Ferguson, D. B. Snyder, N. T. Grier, J. V. Staskus,and J. C. Roche, Environmental interactions considerations for space stationand solar array design. Preliminary - December, 1986.

Rodgers, D. J., and A. D. Johnstone, Analysis of CRRES Charging Events,Chapter 3 in Final Report on Rider 2, Estec Contract No. 7989/88/NL/PB(SC), 1994.

Rodgers, D. J., Evaluation of Russian Spacecraft Charging Data, Chapter 6 in Final Report On Rider 2, Estec Contract No. 7989/88/NL/PB(SC), 1994.

Roederer, J. G., Dynamics of Geomagnetically Trapped Radiation,Springer-Verlag, 1970.

Russell, C. T., Geophysical Coordinate Transformations, CosmicElectrodynamics, 2 , pp. 184-196, 1971.

Santos, B., The dependence of atomic oxygen resistance on polyimidestructures. (Preliminary results of STS-8). NASA Headquarters. January23-24, 1984.

Sawyer, D. M., and J. I. Vette, AP-8 Trapped Proton Environment for SolarMaximum and Solar Minimum, NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S 76-06, 1976.

Schmidt, A., Der magnetische Mittelpunkt der Erde und seine Bedeutung,Gerlands Beitr. Geophys., 41, pp. 346-358, 1934.

Scudder, J. D., On the causes of temperature change in inhomogeneouslow-density astrophysical plasmas, Astrophys. J., 398, 99, 1992.

Seltzer, S. M., SHIELDOSE: A Computer Code for Space-Shielding Radiation DoseCalculations, National Bureau of Standards, NBS Technical Note 1116, U. S.Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1980.

Seltzer, S. M., Electron, Electron-Bremsstrahlung, and Proton Depth-Dose Datafor Space-Shielding Applications, IEEE Trans. Nuclear Sci., NS-26,4896, 1979.

Singley, G. W., and J. I. Vette, A Model Environment for Outer ZoneElectrons, NSSDC 72-13, 1972.

Slemp, W. S., B. Santos-Mason, G. F. Sykes Jr., and W. S. Witte Jr., Effectsof STS-8 atomic oxygen exposure on composites, polyimide films and coatings.AIAA-85-0421. January, 1985.

Smart, W. M., Text-Book On Spherical Astronomy, Fourth Edition, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1944.

Smith, K. A., Evaluation of oxygen interaction with materials EDIM - STS-8atomic oxygen effects. AIAA-85-7001. November, 1985.

Stassinopoulos, E. G., and J. H. King, Empirical Solar Proton Model forOrbiting Spacecraft Applications, IEEE Trans. Aerospace Electronic Systems10, 4, 1974. (B17234)

Stassinopoulos, E. G., SOLPRO: A Computer Code to Calculate ProbabilisticEnergetic Solar Proton Fluences, NSSDC 75-11, Greenbelt, Maryland, 1975.

Stevens, N. J., Summary of PIX-2 Flight Results over the First Orbit, AIAAPaper No. 86-0360, 1986.

Sugiura, M., Hourly values of equatorial Dst for the IGY,Ann. Int. Geophys. Year, 35, 49, 1964.

Sugiura, M., and T. N. Davis, Auroral electrojet activity index AE andits universal time variations, J. Geophys. Res., 71, 785-801, 1966.

Summers, D., and R. M. Thorne, The modified plasma dispersion function,Phys. Fluids B, 8(3), pp. 1835-1847, 1991.

Tanaka, H., et al., Absolute calibration of solar radio flux density inthe microwave region, Solar Physics, Vol. 29, 243, 1973.

Tapping, K. F., Recent Solar Radio Astronomy at Centimeter Wavelengths: TheTemporal Variability of the 10.7-cm Flux, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 92,D1, 829-838, 1987.

Tapping, K. F., and D. P. Charrois, Limits to the Accuracy of the 10.7cmFlux, Solar Physics, 1994.

Tsao, C. H., R. Silberberg, J. H. Adams, Jr., and J. R. Letaw, Cosmic RayEffects on MicroElectronics, Part III: Propagation of Cosmic Rays in theAtmosphere, NRL Memorandum Report 5402, 1984.

Tsyganenko, N. A., Global quantitative models of the geomagnetic field inthe cislunar magnetosphere for different disturbance levels, Planet. SpaceSci., 35, pp. 1347-1358, 1987.

Tsyganenko, N. A., A magnetospheric magnetic field model with a wrappedtail current sheet, Planet. Space Sci., 37, pp. 5-20, 1989.

Tsyganenko, N. A. and M. Peredo, Analytical models of the magnetic fieldof disk-shaped current sheets, J. Geophys. Res., v.99, pp. 199-205, 1994.

Tsyganenko, N. A., Modeling the Earth's magnetospheric magnetic fieldconfined within a realistic magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res., v.100, pp.5599-5612, 1995.

Tsyganenko, N. A. and D. P. Stern, Modeling the global magnetic fieldthe large-scale Birkeland current systems, J. Geophys. Res., v.101, pp.27187-27198, 1996.

Tsyganenko, N. A., Effects of the solar wind conditions on the globalmagnetospheric configuration as deduced from data-based fieldmodels, in: Proc.of 3rd International Conference on Substorms (ICS-3),Versailles, France, 12-17 May 1996, ESA SP-389, pp. 181-185, 1996.

U.S. Naval Observatory, Almanac for Computers 1990. Nautical AlmanacOffice, U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington, D.C., 1989.

Visentine, J. T., L. J. Leger, J. F. Kuminecz, and I. K. Spiker, STS-8Atomic Oxygen Effects Experiment, Presented at the AIAA 23rdAerospace Sciences Meeting, AIAA-85-0415, Reno, NV, 14-17 January, 1985.

Viswanathan, R., G. Barbay, and N. J. Stevens, Environmentally-InducedDischarge Transient Coupling to Spacecraft, NASA CR-174922, 1985.

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Wrenn, G. L., Spacecraft Charging Effects, RAE Tech Memo SPACE 375, 1990.

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